Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can cause serious health complications and can lead to heart disease, stroke and sometimes death. Blood pressure is the pressure that works against the blood vessels of the human body. The pressure depends on how much resistance the blood vessels have and how hard the heart works to withstand this pressure.
High blood pressure is a primary risk factor for heart disease
Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease, which can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure and arterial outbreak (Aneurysm). Controlling blood pressure is essential to living a healthy lifestyle and reducing those risks. In this article, we will look at the causes of elevated blood pressure, as well as how to monitor and keep it within the normal range.
How to stay safe from hypertension?
Management and treatment:
If you control your hypertension in life, you will also be safe from hypertension. Hypertension can be overcome by following the following:
1: Regular physical exercise
Experts and therapists suggest that people with hypertension should work 150 minutes a week for moderate or 75 minutes of aerobic exercise, while others should do the same. This includes walking, walking, cycling or swimming, in appropriate physical exercise activities.
2: Stress reduction
This helps a lot in controlling blood pressure if you are struggling with mental stress. Meditation, bathing with warm water, yoga and long walks, are techniques to relax yourself, which can help to relieve stress. People should avoid the use of prescription drugs, potent drugs, tobacco and junk foods to cope with stress as they increase the complications of hypertension or hypertension. Smoking can increase blood pressure. It also protects against heart disease and other lung cancer, including smoking-related hypertension.
3: Use of medicines
People can only use certain prescription drugs for treating hypertension. Doctors often recommend lower doses. Antihypertensive drugs usually have only minor side effects. However, hypertension sufferers need to eat two or more medicines together to handle their blood pressure.
The choice of medication depends on the individual and any underlying medical condition, but these medicines are also prescribed by the doctor. The patient should not use these medicines without the advice of a doctor. Everyone taking anti-hypertensive drugs should carefully read the label of any drug store when purchasing it. The duration of the drug must be checked especially before use.
4: Reduce salt intake
In most countries of the world, people eat on average 9-12 grams of salt. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that less than 5 grams of salt be used daily to reduce the risk of hypertension and other related health concerns.
5: Fruits are more vegetables, less fat
For those who are at high risk of having hypertension or high blood pressure, experts recommend the following:
■ Eat fixed-grain, high-fiber diets
■ Take a variety of fruits and vegetables
■ Add beans, legumes and nuts to your diet
■ Eat omega 3 fish twice a week
■ Use cold-effect oils, for example olive oil
■Skinless chicken and fish
■ Use low-fat dairy products
Also avoid trans-fat, hydrogenated vegetable oils and animal fat isles.
6: The idea of weight and diet
Excesive body weight can cause an increase in hypertension. Due to weight loss, blood pressure also stays at a normal level as the heart does not have to work so hard to pump blood into the body. Proper calories, balanced diet, individual volume, gender, and other activities affect hypertension.